Social care burden on women

March 8, 2019

Age UK is reporting today that the social care burden on women means that they are the ones paying the price for the Government's lack of action on social care.

As we celebrate International Women’s Day 2019, and witness the two-year anniversary of the Government's promise to publish a social care Green Paper, Age UK is warning that women are generally being hurt the most by the lack of care and support. Sandwich carers are under particular pressure and most (68%) are women, says the charity.

The new report, Breaking Point: The social care burden on women, shows how women are going above and beyond to care for loved ones because good, reliable social care support simply isn’t available to them. This is no small problem and the impact on women who are sandwich carers is often especially severe. The report’s new analysis of sandwich carers finds:

  • There are 1.25 million sandwich carers in the UK. These are people caring for an older relative as well as bringing up one or more children aged under 16. Most (68% - 850,743) are women.
  • Sandwich carers' ages range from 20s to 60s, but those aged 35-44 are the most likely to be carers, with more than a third (35%) of all sandwich carers being in this age group.
  • Three quarters (73%) of sandwich carers provide under ten hours of caring a week and one in fourteen (7%) over 35 hours per week.
  • Eight out of ten (84%) sandwich carers providing over 35 hours per week are women.
  • The oldest sandwich carers (55-64) provide the most care, with three in ten (29%) of this age group providing more than 20 hours of caring a week.
  • In total, three quarters (78%) of sandwich carers are in paid work, and even among sandwich carers providing 35 or more hours of care a week half (49%) are working.

Caroline Abrahams, Charity Director at Age UK said, 'Two years on from the Government’s promise to fix social care with a reforming Green Paper also marks International Women’s Day, and it is women who are often paying the highest price for Ministers’ failure to act.

'Our new analysis shows there are over a million ‘sandwich carers’, almost all of whom are women, and they are one of the groups hit hardest by the lack of good care and support. Given the intense pressure on them it’s amazing that more don’t experience a break down, but there’s no doubt many are coping with much more than it is reasonable to expect. Most carers care willingly but they need more help than they receive, plus the chance for regular breaks.

'The Green Paper has been delayed five times now – it’s beyond a joke. The cost of delay is very real and is falling on millions of disabled and older people who are going without the support they need, and on their carers like those in our report who are doing everything one could possibly ask and more, and risking their health, wellbeing and financial security as a result.

'If the Government is serious about advancing the interests of women in our society one of the ways it can best help is by sorting out social care, once and for all. We need a definite date for publication of the Green Paper and strong cross Government support for social care reform – including money from the Treasury to pay for it.'

Helen Walker, Chief Executive of Carers UK, said, 'With our crumbling social care system additional stress is being placed on carers around the country who are trying to juggle children, work and older relatives. They are time-poor and under huge pressure, with many reporting symptoms of mental ill-health.

'The strain of sandwich caring also takes a particular toll on women’s ability to work and their finances. Women are four times more likely than men to have given up work because of multiple caring responsibilities and many have seen a negative impact on their ability to afford household bills.

'It is vital that the Government delivers high quality and affordable care services which support older and disabled people, giving sandwich carers the ability to better manage work and caring responsibilities. They must also receive the practical and financial support to care so they don’t have to put their own lives on hold.'

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